Caligari ist der Familienname von. Claudio Caligari (–), italienischer Regisseur. Caligari bezieht sich außerdem auf: Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari. Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari, D /20, R: Robert Wiene. Mit Werner Krauss, Conrad Veidt, Lil Dagover, Friedrich Fehér, Hans Heinrich von Twardowski. Caligari FilmBühne: +++ Liebes Publikum, das Caligari bleibt aufgrund des aktuellen Bund-Länder-Beschlusses zur Corona-Pandemie bis auf Weiteres.
Du musst Caligari werden! – Das virtuelle KabinettCaligari“ von versucht in einer Hommage die immersiven Aspekte dieses Films mit neuer Technologie erlebbar zu machen. Ziel ist es, den User in eine. Caligari, der mit Hilfe eines Somnambulen (Schlafwandler) namens Cesare eine kleine norddeutsche Stadt in Angst und Schrecken versetzt. Tagsüber präsentiert. Caligari Film ist eine der führenden unabhängigen Produktionsfirmen der deutschen Film- und TV-Branche und Spezialist auf dem Gebiet des Family.
Caligari Navigation menu VideoThe Cabinet of Dr. Caligari's 100th Anniversary - Cinemassacre Review Calligaris: ameublement maison contemporain et design italien. Plus de modèles disponibles: sièges, tables et meubles d’appoint. Fiers d’être italiens et % internationaux. By Caligari This is the full working version--nothing removed or crippled, no time limits or watermarks. Features include: Powerful point editing, smoothing, sweeping, and deformation tools Subcategory: 3D Modeling Software. The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari 其他译名 卡里加里博士的小屋 类 型 惊悚、悬疑 出品公司 Decla-Bioscop AG 制片地区 德国 导 演 罗伯特·威恩 编 剧 卡尔·梅育、汉斯·杰诺维兹 制片人 Rudolf Meinert、Erich Pommer 主 演 沃纳·克劳斯、康拉德·韦特 片 长. Mit der Wende-Hymne schufen die Scorpions Pascale Arbillot bis heute weltweit Caligari Song aus Deutschland. Deutsche Filmgeschichte Vor Jahren im Kino: "Das Cabinet des Dr. Supported Bohemian Rhapsody Cast the Die Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für Kultur und Medien by a resolution of the German Bundestag In cooperation with Goethe Institut Warschau Friedrich-Wilhelm-Murnau Stiftung UFA X Internationale Filmfestspiele Berlin.
Ein Caligari Klo ist scheie, seine Ideale seiner Tochter aufzuzwingen und sie leben lassen solle. - Gutscheine verschenkenDer lädt sie ein, Cesare zu besichtigen.
Rate This. The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari original title. Not Rated 1h 7min Fantasy , Horror , Mystery 15 March France.
Hypnotist Dr. Caligari uses a somnambulist, Cesare, to commit murders. Director: Robert Wiene. Writers: Carl Mayer , Hans Janowitz.
Available on Amazon. Added to Watchlist. The Most Anticipated Movies to Stream in February Don't miss the extras. The Top 31 odd, crazy and weird movies.
Share this Rating Title: The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari 8. Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin.
Show HTML View more styles. User Polls Genre Wise IMDb's Oldest Feature Films What is your Favorite Silent Film? Edit Cast Complete credited cast: Werner Krauss Caligari Conrad Veidt Cesare Friedrich Feher Jane Olsen Hans Heinrich von Twardowski Alan as Hans Heinz v.
Twardowski Rudolf Lettinger Edit Did You Know? Goofs In the wide shot, the sign at the asylum reads "Insane Asylum," in English.
In the close-up, the sign is written in German Kino Blu-ray Disc version, may not be present in all editions of the film.
Quotes [ first lines ] Man in garden : Spirits surround us on every side Alternate Versions USA laserdisc reissue restores the original hand-drawn title cards that have been missing from every known print of the film since When first released on video in the United States, film was in black-and-white, and played back many scenes at double speed and featured different music.
Although no scenes were cut out, the running time was reduced to only 51 minutes. The restored version restores the colour-tinting, restores the original title cards, and plays the film back at regular speed, returning the film to its original minute running time.
Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Report this. Frequently Asked Questions Q: Is this movie based on a novel?
It is interrupted by a covered walkway and ends beneath the Arc de Triomphe, in the Terrazza Umberto I. In , during World War II, the staircase and the Arch of Triumph were severely damaged by aerial bombardment, but after the conflict they were faithfully reconstructed.
From the Terrazza Umberto I the Bastion of Santa Caterina can be accessed via a short flight of steps. Here there was once an old Dominican convent, destroyed by fire in According to tradition, the conspiracy to kill the Viceroy Camarassa in was set up in the surroundings of the monastery.
The Promenade Deck was inaugurated in At first it was used as a banqueting hall, then during the First World War as an infirmary. In the s, during the period of sanctions, it was an exhibition of autarky [ citation needed ].
During World War II it served as a shelter for displaced people whose homes had been destroyed by bombs. In it hosted the first Trade Fair of Sardinia.
After many years of decay, the Promenade was restored and re-evaluated as a cultural space reserved especially for art exhibitions. The modern districts built in the late 19th and early 20th century contain examples of Art Deco architecture, as well as controversial examples of Fascist neoclassicism architecture, such as the Court of Justice Palazzo di Giustizia in Republic Square.
The Court of Justice is near the biggest city park, Monte Urpinu, with its pine trees, artificial lakes, and a vast area with a hill.
The city has numerous libraries and is also home to the State Archive, containing thousands of handwritten documents from the foundation of the Kingdom of Sardinia AD to the present.
In addition to numerous local and university department libraries, the most important libraries are the old University Library,  with thousands of ancient books, the Provincial Library,  the Regional Library,  and the Mediateca of the Mediterranean,  which contains the municipal archive and library collection.
In the first century B. The history of Sardinian literature begins in Cagliari in the first century A.
In the funerary monument of Atilia Pomptilla, carved into the rock of the necropolis of Tuvixeddu, poems are engraved in Greek and Latin dedicated to his dead wife.
Some of them, particularly those in the Greek language, have literary merit. The first Sardinian literary author known was Bishop Lucifer of Cagliari , who wrote severe pamphlets against the Arian heresy in the fourth century A.
Only in the eleventh century A. Life in Cagliari has been depicted by many writers, starting with the late Roman poet Claudian. In the late 16th century, the local humanist Roderigo Hunno Baeza dedicated to his town a didactic Latin poem, Caralis Panegyricus.
Cagliari was the birthplace or residence of the composer Ennio Porrino , of the film, theatre and TV director Nanni Loy , and of the actors Gianni Agus , Amedeo Nazzari and Pier Angeli born Anna Maria Pierangeli.
Excluding the Roman era amphitheater, the first theater was inaugurated in Cagliari in the Teatro Zapata, later becoming the Civic Theatre.
Devastated by bombing in , it was recently restored, but the roof was not rebuilt, and today it serves as an open-air theatre. The Politeama Regina Margherita, inaugurated in , was destroyed by fire in and never rebuilt.
Although opera had, and in part still has, a solid tradition the city, it was left without a true theater until when a new opera house, the Teatro Lirico , was inaugurated.
Cagliari is and was home to opera singers such as the tenors Giovanni Matteo Mario Giovanni Matteo De Candia, — and Piero Schiavazzi — , the baritone Angelo Romero born , the contralto Bernadette Manca di Nissa , born and the soprano Giusy Devinu — The Italian pop singer Marco Carta was also born in Cagliari, in The old Teatro Massimo was only recently renovated and is now the seat of the Teatro Stabile of Sardinia.
Finally, some comic and satirical theater companies are active in the city, the most well known being the "Compagnia Teatrale Lapola",  which offers an urban version of the traditional campidanese comic theater.
Founded by Bepi Vigna, Antonio Serra and Michele Medda , a comic book school, the Centro Internazionale del Fumetto "Comic Strip International Centre"  has been active for several decades.
Its founders invented and designed the comic characters Nathan Never and Legs Weaver. The Feast of St.
Ephysius Sant'Efisio in Italian, Sant'Efis in Sardinian is the most important religious event of Cagliari, taking place every year on 1 May.
During this festival, thousands of people from folk groups all over Sardinia wear their traditional costumes. A plague was spreading throughout Sardinia, starting in , and the epidemic infected Cagliari in particular, killing some ten thousand inhabitants.
According to legend, in St. The Municipality of Cagliari swore that, if the plague disappeared, a procession would be held every day in the saint's honor, starting from the Stampace district and ending at Nora where the saint was martyred.
In September the plague ended, and the procession and festival was therefore regularly held starting the following year on 1 May.
The procession was held even during the last war; a statue of the saint was placed on a lorry and, through city ruins of the devastated by the bombs, arrived safely in Nora.
The native language of Cagliari, declared official along with Italian,  is Sardinian sardu , a Romance language , specifically the Campidanese dialect campidanesu in its local variant casteddaju.
The variant of Cagliari in its high register has traditionally represented the linguistic model of reference for the entire southern area of the island, and the high social variant used by the middle class in the whole Campidanese domain, as well as the literary model of reference for writers and poets.
This language is less spoken by the younger generations in the city, who use Italian instead as that language is compulsory in education and the mass media.
Italian has increasingly become predominant in social relations, both formal and informal, relegating Sardinian to a mostly marginal role in everyday life.
Young people often have only passive competence in the language, gathered from elderly relatives who still speak it, as their parents often speak only Italian, or they may use a slang italianu porceddinu that mixes both Sardinian and Italian.
Since Cagliari was the metropolis of the ancient Roman province, it absorbed innovations coming from Rome, Carthage, and Constantinople, and its language probably reflected late Latin urban dialects of the 5th-century core cities of the empire.
Cagliari has some unique gastronomic traditions: unlike the rest of the island its cuisine is mostly based on the wide variety of locally available seafood.
Although it is possible to trace influences from Catalan , Sicilian and Genoese cuisine, Cagliaritan food has a distinctive and unique character.
The main newspaper of Sardinia is L'Unione Sarda , it was founded in Cagliari in It was one of the first European newspapers to have its own website in It has a circulation of about 85, copies.
The main regional headquarters of RAI , the Italian state-owned radio and television network, is in Cagliari. There are also two regional television and radio companies as well as numerous information sites on the internet.
Cagliari is home to the football team Cagliari Calcio , winner of the Italian league championship in , when the team was led by Gigi Riva. Founded in , the club played at the Stadio Sant'Elia in the city from until it was closed in the summer of , causing the club to temporarily relocate to the provisional Sardegna Arena.
Sant'Elia was the venue for three FIFA World Cup matches. Cagliari is an ideal location for water sports such as surfing , kitesurfing , windsurfing and sailing due to strong and reliable favourable winds.
Field hockey is also popular, with two teams in the Italian top division, G. Amsicora and C. Cagliari, the first of which won the league title more often than any other Italian team in the men's championship 20 and is also the protagonist in the women's division.
Cagliari is the hub of the administration offices of the Sardinia Autonomous Region and of Cagliari Province.
It is also the home of several local offices of the Italian central administration. It is the seat of the Superintendency of Cultural and Environmental Heritage,  of the Sardinia Archival Superintendency  and of the Archeological Superintendency  of the Cultural Heritage Ministry,  of the Sardinia and Provincial seat of the Employment and Social Policies Ministry, of the regional offices of the Finance and Economy Ministry,  and of some branch offices of the Health Ministry.
Cagliari is home to all criminal, civil, administrative and accounting courts for Sardinia of the Ministry of Justice up to the High Court of Assizes of Appeal.
It was home to a prison, Buon Cammino, built in the late 19th century, famous because no one has ever managed to escape. A new modern prison has been built in the nearby town of Uta.
Traditionally, votes in Cagliari are oriented towards the center-right wing. Since World War II, all the mayors belonged to the Christian Democracy party with the exception of Salvatore Ferrara, from the Socialist Party, allied with the former.
After the collapse of the traditional parties in the s, the mayors belonged to the party or the coalition led by Silvio Berlusconi.
The current economic and political crisis that affects Italy has prompted the electorate toward a large abstention and to elect a young mayor, Massimo Zedda, who belongs to a centre-left alliance.
In the last municipal elections in June , Massimo Zedda was confirmed in the first round with Cagliari is home to the University of Cagliari ,  the largest public university in Sardinia, founded in It currently includes six faculties: Engineering and Architecture, Medicine and Surgery, Economics, Juridical and Political Sciences, Basic Sciences, Biology and Pharmacy, Humanistic Studies.
It is attended by about 35, students. Cagliari's downtown houses the engineering and the humanities divisions and, in the Castle, the seat of the Rector, in an 18th-century palace with a library of thousands of ancient books.
Cagliari is also the seat of the Pontifical Faculty of Theology of Sardinia and of the European Institute of Design.
There has been a public hospital in Cagliari since the 17th century. The first modern structure was built in the middle of the 19th century, designed by the architect Gaetano Cima.
This hospital is still operating, although all its departments will eventually be transferred to the new University Hospital  in Monserrato.
Among the other public hospitals, the Giuseppe Brotzu San Michele Hospital  was recognized in as a High Specialization Nationally Relevant Hospital, particularly for liver , heart , pancreas and bone marrow transplants.
There are in addition many private hospitals. The city is served by the Cagliari-Elmas International Airport ,  located a few kilometres from the centre of Cagliari.
It is the 13th busiest aeroport in Italy by passengers traffic with around 4,, passengers in A railway line connects the city to the airport; walkways join the railway station to the air terminal.
The terminal is also connected to the city by highway SS and by a bus service run by the ARST company  to the central bus station in Matteotti square, in the centre of the city.
There are other airports not too far from the city: Deciomannu Airport, a NATO military airport and three fields for air sports, Serdiana used in particular for skydiving  , Castiadas and Decimoputzu.
The port of Cagliari is divided in two sector, the old port and the new international container terminal.
In Cagliari there are also two other small touristic ports, Su Siccu Lega Navale and Marina Piccola. The Ferrovie dello Stato railway station in Cagliari has services to Iglesias , Carbonia , Olbia , Golfo Aranci , Sassari and Porto Torres.
The nearby commune of Monserrato is the terminal railway station of a narrow gauge line to Arbatax and Sorgono. Bus and trolleybus services, managed by CTM  more than 30 lines and ARST,  connect internal destinations in the city and in the metropolitan area; Cagliari is one of the few Italian cities with an extensive trolleybus network, whose fleet has been partially renovated in A metro-like tram service on its own rail, MetroCagliari , operates between Piazza Repubblica and the new University campus near Monserrato line 1 and from Monserrato San Gottardo and Settimo San Pietro line 2.
A line between Piazza Repubblica and Piazza Matteotti, the city transport hub with train, urban and extra-urban bus stations , is planned.
Trenitalia , the primary train operator in Italy, operates a metro train service between Cagliari Central Station and Decimomannu , which connects the airport with the city center.
A public bike-sharing service is operating with pick-up points at Via Sonnino - Palazzo Civico, Piazza Repubblica, Piazza Giovanni 23, and Marina Piccola.
Cagliari is twinned with:. In Cagliari there are at present the following consulates: . L'Aquila , Abruzzo Aosta , Aosta Valley Bari , Apulia Potenza , Basilicata.
Catanzaro , Calabria Naples , Campania Bologna , Emilia-Romagna Trieste , Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Rome , Lazio Genoa , Liguria Milan , Lombardy Ancona , Marche.
Campobasso , Molise Turin , Piedmont Cagliari , Sardinia Palermo , Sicily. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the moth genus, see Carales moth.
For other uses, see Cagliari disambiguation. For the ancient city of Asia Minor, see Carallis. Not to be confused with Calgary.
Comune in Sardinia, Italy. Anne's Church, view of the port , Bastione of Saint Remy, statue of King Charles Felix of Sardinia , Cala Fighera.
Coat of arms. Location of Cagliari. Main articles: History of Cagliari and Timeline of Cagliari. Main article: Judicate of Cagliari. Main article: Kingdom of Sardinia.
Lawrence , Sea and Sardinia . Main article: Poetto. Main article: Metropolitan City of Cagliari. Main articles: Sardinian language and Campidanese dialect.
See also: List of mayors of Cagliari. See also: Cagliari railway station. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy. Italy portal.
Retrieved 16 March Oxford Dictionaries UK Dictionary. The conclusion to the frame story is missing from the script.
Barlow, argue that it does not settle the issue, as the original screenplay's frame story simply serves to introduce the main plot, rather than subvert it as the final film's version does.
Many details about the making of The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari are in dispute and will probably remain unsettled due to the large number of people involved in the making of the film, many of whom have recalled it differently or dramatized their own contributions to its production.
Decla producer Rudolf Meinert introduced Hermann Warm to Wiene and provided Warm with the Caligari script, asking him to come up with proposals for the design.
Wiene filmed a test scene to demonstrate Warm, Reimann and Röhrig's theories, and it so impressed the producers that the artists were given free rein.
Instead, he says Meinert was the film's true producer, and that it was he who gave Warm the manuscript. Janowitz claims he attempted to commission the sets from designer and engraver Alfred Kubin , known for his heavy use of light and shadow to create a sense of chaos,    but Kubin declined to participate in the project because he was too busy.
She claims Mayer later came to appreciate the visual style, but that Janowitz remained opposed to it years after the film's release.
The set design, costumes and props took about two weeks to prepare. For example, Caligari and the fairground workers' costumes resemble the Biedermeier era, while Jane's embody Romanticism.
Additionally, Robinson wrote, Cesare's costume and those of policemen in the film appear abstract, while many of the other characters' seem like ordinary German clothes from the s.
Eisner said sets held more importance than anything else in German films at that time. Caligari was the first German Expressionist film,  although Brockmann and film critic Mike Budd claim it was also influenced by German Romanticism ;   Budd notes the film's themes of insanity and the outcry against authority are common among German Romanticism in literature, theatre and the visual arts.
Janowitz originally intended the part of Cesare to go to his friend, actor Ernst Deutsch. Barlow said they appear more comfortable in their surroundings in the film than the other actors.
Wiene asked the actors to make movements similar to dance, most prominently from Veidt, but also from Krauss, Dagover and Friedrich Feger, who played Francis.
He also cites Feher's "large angular movements", especially in the scene where he searches the deserted fairground. The acting style is as emotionally over-the-top as the narrative and visual style of The Cabinet of Dr.
The behavior of the characters represents the actors' emotional responses to the expressionistic environment and the situations in which they find themselves.
Staging and movement of the actors respond to the hysteria of Caligari's machinations and to the fun-house labyrinth that appears to be the reflection of a crazy mirror, not an orderly village.
Shooting for The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari began at the end of December and concluded at the end of January Instead, the scenes use a painting of the Holstenwall town as a background; throngs of people walk around two spinning merry-go-round props, which creates the impression of a carnival.
Several scenes from the script were cut during filming, most of which were brief time lapses or transitioning scenes, or title screens deemed unnecessary.
The script called for Cesare to gasp and struggle for air, then shake violently and collapse in Caligari's arms. As it was filmed, there is no such physical struggling, and instead the camera zooms in on Cesare's face as he gradually opens his eyes.
The bizarre style, which matches that of the film as a whole, mimics the lettering of Expressionistic posters at the time.
Many modern prints of the film do not preserve the original lettering. Photography was provided by Willy Hameister , who went on to work with Wiene on several other films.
There are few long shots or panning movement within the cinematography. Most scenes follow the other without intercutting , which gives Caligari more of a theatrical feel than a cinematic one.
However, lighting is occasionally used to intensify the uneasiness created by the distortions of the sets. For example, when Cesare first awakens at the fair, a light is shone directly on a close-up of his heavily made-up face to create an unsettling glow.
Lighting techniques like this became frequently used in later German films. The visual style of The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari is dark, twisted and bizarre; radical and deliberate distortions in perspective, form, dimension and scale create a chaotic and unhinged appearance.
German film professor Anton Kaes wrote, "The style of German Expressionism allowed the filmmakers to experiment with filmic technology and special effects and to explore the twisted realm of repressed desires, unconscious fears, and deranged fixations".
For example, the courtyard of the insane asylum during the frame story is vastly out of proportion. The characters seem too big for the small building, and the courtyard floor features a bizarre pattern, all of which represent the patients' damaged frames of mind.
Stephen Brockmann argues the fact that Caligari was filmed entirely in a studio enhances the madness portrayed by the film's visuals because "there is no access to a natural world beyond the realm of the tortured human psyche".
Even the hair of the characters is an Expressionistic design element, especially Cesare's black, spiky, jagged locks. Despite their apparent normalcy, however, Francis and the other characters never appear disturbed by the madness around them reflected in the sets; they instead react as if they are parts of a normal background.
A select few scenes disrupt the Expressionistic style of the film, such as in Jane's and Alan's home, which include normal backgrounds and bourgeois furniture that convey a sense of security and tranquility otherwise absent from the film.
Barlow disagrees, arguing it is a common characteristic for dream narratives to have some normal elements in them, and that the normalcy of Jane's house in particular could represent the feeling of comfort and refuge Francis feels in her presence.
Robinson suggested Caligari is not a true example of Expressionism at all, but simply a conventional story with some elements of the art form applied to it.
He argues the story itself is not Expressionistic, and the film could have easily been produced in a traditional style, but that Expressionist-inspired visuals were applied to it as decoration.
Was it only an accident? Would it not have been possible to change this garment, without injury to the deep effect of the drama?
I do not know. Though often considered an art film by some modern critics and scholars, Caligari was produced and marketed the same way as a normal commercial production of its time period, able to target both the elite artistic market as well as a more commercial horror genre audience.
Many posters and newspaper advertisements included the enigmatic phrase featured in the film, "Du musst Caligari werden!
This story was told by Pommer, who claimed the Marmorhaus picked Caligari back up and ran it successfully for three months after he spent six months working on a publicity campaign for the film.
David Robinson wrote that neither of these urban legends were true, and that the latter was fabricated by Pommer to increase his own reputation.
He said it was so well received that women in the audience screamed when Cesare opened his eyes during his first scene, and fainted during the scene in which Cesare abducts Jane.
Caligari was released at a time when foreign film industries had just started easing restrictions on the import of German films following World War I.
In the prologue, the film is introduced by a character called "Cranford", who identifies himself as the man Francis speaks with in the opening scene.
In the epilogue, Cranford returns and exclaims that Francis has fully recovered from his madness. Rotafel wanted the score to match the dark mood of the film, saying: "The music had, as it were, to be made eligible for citizenship in a nightmare country".
Caligari had its Los Angeles premiere at Miller's Theater on 7 May , but the theatre was forced to pull it due to demonstrations by protestors.
However, the protest was organized by the Hollywood branch of the American Legion due to fears of unemployment stemming from the import of German films into America, not over objections to the content of Caligari itself.
Film historians Kristin Thompson and David B. Pratt separately studied trade publications from the time in an attempt to make a determination, but reached conflicting findings; Thompson concluded it was a box office success and Pratt concluded it was a failure.
However, both agreed it was more commercially successful in major cities than in theatres in smaller communities, where tastes were considered more conservative.
There are differing accounts as to how Caligari was first received by audiences and critics immediately after its release.
Stephen Brockmann, Anton Kaes and film theorist Kristin Thompson say it was popular with both the general public and well-respected by critics. Critic Herbert Ihering echoed this point in a review: "If actors are acting without energy and are playing within landscapes and rooms which are formally 'excessive', the continuity of the principle is missing".
While Robinson said the response from American critics was largely positive and enthusiastic,  Kaes said American critics and audiences were divided: some praised its artistic value and others, particularly those distrustful of Germany following World War I, wished to ban it altogether.
Caligari was a critical success in France, but French filmmakers were divided in their opinions after its release. Abel Gance called it "superb" and wrote, "What a lesson to all directors!
Then when the zigzag motifs of the fairground start turning, the pace leaps forward, agitato, accelerando, and leaves off only at the word 'End', as abruptly as a slap in the face.
It leaves a taste of cinders in the mouth. While early reviews were more divided, modern film critics and historians have largely praised Caligari as a revolutionary film.
Film reviewer Roger Ebert called it arguably "the first true horror film",  and critic Danny Peary called it cinema's first cult film and a precursor for arthouse films.
With input from film critics, filmmakers and historians from around the world, it was the first universal film poll in history.
Caligari set a brilliantly high bar for the genre — and remains terrifying nearly a century after it first stalked the screen. Caligari is considered the quintessential work of German Expressionist cinema, and by far the most famous example of it.
While few other purely Expressionistic films were made, Caligari still had a major influence over other German directors,  and many of the film's Expressionist elements — particularly the use of setting, light and shadow to represent the dark psychology of its characters — became prevalent in German cinema.
Pabst 's Secrets of a Soul ,  and Lang's Metropolis and M For example, the majority of major German films over the next few years moved away from location shooting and were fully filmed in studios,   which assigned much more importance to designers in German cinema.
The effect of Caligari was felt not just in German cinema, but internationally as well. Everson wrote that the film probably had as much of a long-term effect on Hollywood directors as Battleship Potemkin Early examples include The Fall of the House of Usher , The Last Moment and The Life and Death of a Hollywood Extra Caligari and German Expressionism heavily influenced the American film noir period of the s and '50s, both in visual style and narrative tone.
The genre also employs several Expressionistic elements in its dark and shadowy visual style, stylized and abstract photography, and distorted and expressive make-up and acting.
Bergman himself, however, has downplayed the influence of German Expressionism on his work. Siegfried Kracauer wrote that the film's use of the iris shot has been mimicked in theatrical productions, with lighting used to single out a lone actor.
Caligari continues to be one of the most discussed and debated films from the Weimar Republic. Many of his interpretations of the film are still embraced,     even by those who have strongly disagreed with his general premise,   and even as certain claims Kracauer made have been disproven, such as his statement that the original script included no frame story.
Film historian David Robinson claimed Wiene, despite being the director of Caligari , is often given the least amount of credit for its production.
Caligari , like a number of Weimar films that followed it, thematizes brutal and irrational authority by making a violent and possibly insane authority figure its antagonist.
Barlow described Caligari as an example of the tyrannical power and authority that had long plagued Germany, while Cesare represents the "common man of unconditional obedience".
In his book From Caligari to Hitler , Kracauer argues the Caligari character is symptomatic of a subconscious need in German society for a tyrant, which he calls the German "collective soul".
Everyday reality in Caligari is dominated by tyrannical aspects. Authorities sit atop high perches above the people they deal with and hold offices out of sight at the end of long, forbidding stairways.
He said the film leaves no room for middle ground between these two extremes, and that viewers are forced to embrace either insanity or authoritarian rigidity, leaving little space for human freedom.
Caligari is not the only symbol of arrogant authority in the film. In fact, he is a victim of harsh authority himself during the scene with the dismissive town clerk, who brushes him off and ignores him to focus on his paperwork.
Francis expresses a resentment of all forms of authority, particularly during the end of the frame story, when he feels he has been institutionalized because of the madness of the authorities, not because there is anything wrong with him.
He argues if not for the frame story, the tale of Francis's efforts against Caligari would have been a praiseworthy example of independence and rebellion against authority.
However, with the addition of the frame story, which places the veracity of Francis's claims into question, Kracauer argues the film glorifies authority and turns a reactionary story into an authoritarian film:     "The result of these modifications was to falsify the action and to ultimately reduce it to the ravings of a madman.
Another major theme of Caligari is, Stephen Brockmann writes, "the destabilized contrast between insanity and sanity and hence the destabilization of the very notion of sanity itself".
The film's unusual visual abstractions and other stylized elements serve to show the world as one experienced by a madman. Barlow said the film exemplifies a common Expressionist theme that "the ultimate perception of reality will appear distorted and insane to the healthy and practical mind".
But Francis nevertheless believes he is being persecuted, so in the story as told from his perspective, Caligari takes on the role of persecutor.
However, the Expressionistic visual elements of the film are present not only in the main narrative, but also in the epilogue and prologue scenes of the frame story, which are supposed to be an objective account of reality.
Strange leaf and line patterns are seen on the bench Francis sits upon, flame-like geometric designs can be seen on the walls, and his asylum cell has the same distorted shape as in the main narrative.
Budd says this suggests a "dream logic of repetition" that throws further confusion on which perspective is reality.
Beyond Francis's individual circumstances, the use of the narrator's perspective in Dr. Caligari can be seen as reflective of a worldview of the screenwriters.
Mayer and Janowitz were pacifists opposed to what Eisner described as the willingness of Germans to commit themselves to the dark forces, such as demoniac magic and supernatural powers, that led to death on the battlefield.
Here, Eisner claims, the militarist and imperialist tendency of monopoly capitalism is combined with what Sigmund Freud would later refer to as the longing for protection by a tyrannical father figure, or what Kracauer characterized as "asocial authority".
Duality is another common theme in Caligari. Caligari is portrayed in the main narrative as an insane tyrant, and in the frame story as a respected authority and director of a mental institution.
As a result of this duality, it is possible for the viewer to suspect a malevolent aspect of him at the conclusion of the film, even despite evidence indicating he is a kind and caring man.
Anton Kaes described the story Francis tells as an act of transference with his psychiatrist, as well as a projection of his feelings that he is a victim under the spell of the all-powerful asylum director, just as Cesare is the hypnotized victim of Caligari.
Siegfried Kracauer said by coupling a fantasy in which Francis overthrows a tyrannical authority with a reality in which authority triumphs over Francis, Caligari reflects a double aspect of German life, suggesting they reconsider their traditional belief in authority even as they embrace it.
Another example is the fair, which on the surface appears to represent fun and escapism, but reveals a lurking sense of chaos and disaster in the form of Caligari and Cesare.
This is especially prevalent in the sets, where black shadows are set against white walls, but also in other elements like the costumes and make-up.
For instance, Caligari wears mostly black, but white streaks are present in his hair and on his gloves. Cesare's face is a ghostly white, but the darks of his eyes are heavily outlined in black.
Likewise, Jane's white face contrasts with her deep, dark eyes. Critics have suggested that Caligari highlights some of the neuroses prevalent in Germany and the Weimar Republic when the film was made,   particularly in the shadow of World War I,  at a time when extremism was rampant, reactionaries still controlled German institutions, and citizens feared the harm the Treaty of Versailles would have on the economy.
Anton Kaes, who called Caligari "an aggressive statement about war psychiatry, murder and deception", wrote that Alan's question to Cesare, "How long have I to live?
Francis's despair after Alan's murder can likewise be compared to that of the many soldiers who survived the war but saw their friends die on the battlefield.
Kaes noted other parallels between the film and war experiences, noting that Cesare attacked Alan at dawn, a common time for attacks during the war.
Several unsuccessful attempts were made to produce sequels and remakes in the decades following Caligari 's release. Robert Wiene bought the rights to Caligari from Universum Film AG in with the intention of filming a sound remake, which never materialized before Wiene's death in He intended to cast Jean Cocteau as Cesare, and a script, believed to be written by Wiene, indicated the Expressionist style would have been replaced with a French surrealist style.
Around , Hollywood agent Paul Kohner and German filmmaker Ernst Matray also planned a Caligari sequel; Matray and his wife Maria Solveg wrote a screenplay called The Return of Caligari.
Instead, he was her psychiatrist, and he cures her at the end of the film. A quasi-sequel, called Dr. Caligari , was released in ,  directed by Stephen Sayadian and starring Madeleine Reynal as the granddaughter of the original Caligari, now running an asylum and performing bizarre hormonal experiments on its patients.
The sex-driven story ultimately had little in common with the original film.Der unheimliche Dr. Caligari versetzt mithilfe eines Somnambulen namens Cesare eine kleine norddeutsche Stadt in Angst und Schrecken. Cesare sagt auf dem Jahrmarkt dem Publikum die Zukunft voraus und prophezeit Alan, einem jungen Mann, dass er. Caligari FilmBühne: +++ Liebes Publikum, das Caligari bleibt aufgrund des aktuellen Bund-Länder-Beschlusses zur Corona-Pandemie bis auf Weiteres. Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari ist ein deutscher Horrorfilm von Robert Wiene aus dem Jahr über einen Schlafwandler, der tagsüber vom zwielichtigen Dr. Caligari ist der Familienname von. Claudio Caligari (–), italienischer Regisseur. Caligari bezieht sich außerdem auf: Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari. Caligari Records. FREE SHIPPING ON US ORDERS OVER $45! EXPECT DELAYS - Be Patient - CALIGARI RECORDS is an Underground Record Label & Distro. Attention: International orders - We recommend registering orders to countries in Asia, South and Central America as well. The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (German: Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari) is a German silent horror film, directed by Robert Wiene and written by Hans Janowitz. Dr. Caligari is the titular main antagonist in the legendary silent era film The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, considered the quintessential work of German Expressionist cinema and the first horror film of all time. Though the film is notorious for its twist ending, which reveals that Dr. Caligari isn't actually evil at all, the original intention wasn't that, lacking such ending and keeping. Caligari was released at a time when foreign film industries had just started easing restrictions on the import of German films following World War I. The film was acquired for American distribution by the Goldwyn Distributing Company, and had its American premiere at the Capitol Theatre in New York City on 3 April Cagliari Tourism: Tripadvisor has , reviews of Cagliari Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Cagliari resource.